Questions for Discussion with answers:

  1. What determines the ventricular response to atrial fibrillation? Answer
  2. What further history or testing would you obtain? Answer
  3. What management strategies should be considered? Answer
  4. What are the options for rate control? Answer
  5. Is there any contraindication to cardioversion in this patient? Answer
  6. Is there a role for anticoagulation for this patient? Answer
  7. What are the options for rhythm control? Answer