Lesson currently contains cases and references only.

Case 1: Ductal Carcinoma In Situ

  1. Ductal Carcinoma In Situ of the Breast.   Melvin J. Silverstein.   Second Edition.   Lippincott Williams and Wilkin, 2002.
  2. Bassett L.   Mammographic Analysis of Calcifications.   Radiologic Cli North America 1991:30, 93-105.
  3. Rebner M.   Non-invasive Breast Cancer.   Radiology 1994; 190:623-621.
  4. Silverstein MJ.   Prognostic Clarification of the Breast Ductal Carcinoma In-Situ.   Lancet 1995; 345:1154-1157.
  5. Silverstein MJ, Lagios.   The Van Nuys Prognostic Index for Ductal Carcinoma In-Situ.   Breast J. 1996; 2:38-40.
  6. Fisher B.   Lumpectomy Compared with Lumpectomy and Radiation Therapy for Treatment of Intraductal Breast Cancer.   N. Engl J. Med. 1993; 328:1581-1586.
  7. Silverstein, MJ.   Axillary lymph node dissection for intraductal breast carcinoma:   is it indicated.   Cancer 1987; 59:1819-1824.
  8. Fisher, B.   Tamoxifen in treatment of intraductal breast cancer.   National Adjuvant, Breast and Bowel Project B-24 randomized control trial.   Lancet 1999; 353:1993-2000.
  9. Fisher B.   Tamoxifen for Prevention of Breast Cancer.   J. Natl Cancer Inst 1998; 90:1371-1388.


Case 2: Invasive Breast Cancer

  1. Harrison, Principles of Internal Medicine.   15 th Edition.   Breast Cancer 571-578.
  2. Harris, J.R., et. al.   Breast Cancer N Engl J Med 327:319,390,473, 1992.
  3. Early Breast Cancer Trialist Collaborative Group:   Systemic treatment of early breast cancer by hormonal, cytotoxic or immunotherapy.   Lancet 1:1,71,92.
  4. Langston, A.A.   BRCA1 Mutations in Jewish and Non-Jewish Women with Early Onset of Breast Cancer.   N Engl J Med 334:153, 186, 1996.
  5. Schrag, D. et. al.   Decision Analysis Effects of prophylactic mastectomy and oophorectomy on life expectancy among women with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations.   N Engl J Med 336:1465-71, 1997.
  6. Principles and Practice of Oncology. Ed by Devita, Hellman and Rosenberg, Vol II, Chapter 37, 6 th Edition.
  7. NIH Consensus Development Panel.   Consensus Statement:   Treatment of Early Stage Breast Cancer:   J. Natl. Cancer Inst Monograph 1992; 11:1.
  8. Beatson, G.T. On the treatment of inoperable cases of carcinoma of mamma:   Suggestions for a new method of treatment with illustrative cases.   Lancet 1826; 2:104.
  9. Tamoxifen for the Treatment and Prevention of Breast Cancer.   V Craig Jordan, PRR, Melville, New York.
  10. NIH Consensus statement:   Adjuvant therapy of Breast Cancer, Volume 17, Number 4, November 1-3, 2000.