1. Franken A Jr: Gastrointestinal Imaging in Pediatrics. 2nd Ed. New York, Harper & Row, 1982, p 319-324.

2. Schandling B, Fallis JC. Acute appendicitis. In Nelson WE, Vaughan AVC, ed. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics, 14th edition, Philadelphia. W.B. Saunders Co. 1992; 986-990.

3. Quillin SP, Siegel MJ. Color doppler US of children with acute lower abdominal pain. RadioGraphics 1993; 13:1281-1293.

4. Abu-Yousef MM, Bleacher JJ, Macer J., Ordinate LF, Franked A, Metcalfe AM. High resolution sonography of acute appendicitis. AJR 1987; 149:53-58.

5. Swain RS. Appendix and Meckel Diverticulum. In Oldham KT, Colombani PM, Foglia RP, ed. Surgery of infants and children. Scientific principles and practice, Philadelphia. Lippincott-Raven 1997; 1215-1224.

6. Hayden Jr CK, Kuchelmeister J, Lipscomb TS. Sonography of acute appendicitis in childhood: Perforation versus nonperforation. J Ultrasound Med 1992; 11:209-216.

7. Jeffrey RB JR, Laing FC, Townsend RR. Acute appendicitis: sonographic criteria based on 250 cases. Radiology 1988; 167:327-329

8. Quillin SP, Siegel MJ. Color doppler US of children with acute lower abdominal pain. RadioGraphics 1993; 13:1281-1293.

9. Moore KL. Clinically oriented anatomy. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1981:164-165.

10. Lewis F.R., Holcroft J., Boey J, Dunphy JE. Appendicitis: a critical review of diagnosis and treatment in 1,000 cases. Arch Surg 1975; 110:677-684.

11. Puylaert JBCM. Acute appendicitis: US evaluation using graded compression. Radiology 1986; 158:355-360.

12. Quillin SP, Siegel MJ, Coffin CM. Acute appendicitis in children: value of sonography in detecting perforation. AJR 1992; 159:1265-1268.

13. Incesu L, Coskun A, Selcuk MB, Akan H, Sozubir S, Bernay F. Acute appendicitis: MR imaging and sonographic correlation. AJR 1997; 168:669-674.

14. Sty JR, Wells RG, Starshak RJ, Grees DC. The gastrointestinal tract in diagnostic imaging of infants and children. Gailthersburg, Maryland. Aspen 1992; 223.

15. Neuhauser EBD. Acute appendicitis: the x-ray examination. Postgrad Med 1969; 45:61-66.

16. Brown JJ. Acute appendicitis: The radiologist's role. Radiology 1991; 180:13-14.

17. Parker B. The colon. In Silverman FC, Kuhn JP, ed. Caffey’s pediatric x-ray diagnosis, 9th Edition, St. Louis, Mosby 1997; 1091-1124.

18. Harding JA, Glick SN, Teplick SK, Kowal L. Appendiceal filling by double-contrast barium enema. Gastrointest Radiol 1986; 11:105-107.

19. Rao PM, Rhea JT, Novelline RA, McCabe CJ, Lawrason JN, Berger DL, Sacknoff R. Helical CT technique for the diagnosis of appendicitis: Prospective evaluation of a focused appendix CT examination. Radiology 1997; 202:139-144.

20. Fedyshin P, Kelvin FM, Rice RP. Nonspecificity of barium enema findings in acute appendicitis. AJR 1984; 143:99-102.

21. Chesbrough RM, Burkhard TK, Balsara ZN, Goff WB II, Davis DJ. Self-localization in US of appendicitis: An addition to graded compression. Radiology 1993; 187:349-351

22. Nghiem HV, Jeffrey RB Jr. Acute appendicitis confined to the appendiceal tip: evaluation with graded compression sonography. J Ultrasound Med 1992; 11:205-207.

23. Sivit CJ. Diagnosis of acute appendicitis in children: Spectrum of sonographic findings. AJR 1993; 161:147-152.

24. Spear R, Kimmey MB, Wang KY, Sillery JK, Benjamin DR, Sawin RS. Appendiceal US scans: histologic correlation. Radiology 1992; 183:831-834.

25. Quillin SP, Siegel MJ. Appendicitis: Efficacy of color doppler sonography. Radiology 1994; 191:557-560

26. Jeffrey RB, Jain KA, Nghiem HV. Sonographic diagnosis of acute appendicitis: Interpretive pitfalls. AJR 1994; 162:55-59.

27. Malone AJ Jr, Wolf CR, Malmed AS, Melliere BF. Diagnosis of acute appendicitis: value of unenhanced CT. AJR 1993; 160:763-766.

28. Friedland JA, Siegel MJ. CT appearance of acute appendicitis in childhood. AJR 1997; 168:439-442.

29. Balthazar EM, Birnbaum BA, Yee J, Megibow AJ, Roshkow J, Gray C. Acute appendicitis: CT and US correlation in 100 patients. Radiology 1994; 190-31-35.

30. Rhea JT, Rao PM, Novelline RA, McCabe CJ. A focused appendiceal CT technique to reduce the cost of caring for patients with clinically suspected appendicitis. AJR 1997; 169:113-118.

31. Jeffrey RB, Tolentino CS, Federle MP, Laing FC. Percutaneous drainage of periappendiceal abscesses: review of 20 patients. AJR 1987;149:59-62.

32. Jeffrey RB, Federle MP, Tolentino CS. Periappendiceal inflammatory masses: CT-directed management and clinical outcome in 70 patients. Radiology 1988;167:13-16.

33. Chung T, Hoffer FA, Lund DP. Transrectal drainage of deep pelvic abscesses in children using a combined transrectal sonographic and fluoroscopic guidance. Pediatr Radiol 1996, 26:874-878.

34. Simmonds GS, Zerella JT, Shermeta DW. Peritonitis. In Hultman CB, ed. Gellis and Kagan’s Current Pediatric Therapy 14. Philadelphia WB Saunders Co. 1997; 216-218.

Return to Contents